Niger fast facts

Please note: All statistics were as up-to-date as possible at time of going live.

People

Population (2004) 13,499,000
Population annual growth rate (1990-2004) 3.3%
Population under 18 (2004) 7,511,000
Birth rate per 1000 people (2004) 54
Death rate per 1000 people (2004) 21
Infant mortality rate (2004) 152
Life expectancy at birth (2004) 45 years
Population living in urban areas (2004) 23%
Population with access to safe water (2002) 46% total
80% urban; 36% rural
Population using adequate sanitation facilities (2002) 12% total
43% urban; 4% rural

Geography

Land area 1,267,000 square kilometres
Coastline None - landlocked
Average temperature extremes 50oC during the day in the desert
0oC or lower at night in the desert
Average rainfall extremes 560mm in the southern Sahel
Less than 180mm in the desert near the Aïr Mountains
Renewable water resources (litres/person/day) 7,921

Economy

Currency CFA franc
GNI per capita (2004) US$230
Labour force by occupation agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%
Population living on less than US$1 a day (1990-2003) 61%
External debt (2003 est) US$2.1 billion
Telephones (2004) 24,100
Mobile phones (2004) 148,300
Internet users (2005) 24,000

Politics

Government type Republic
Independence 3 August 1960 (from France)
Capital Niamey
Chief of state President
Head of government Prime minister

Education

Net primary school enrolment (1996-2004) 30% total
45% male; 31% female
Adult literacy rate (2004) 14% total
20% male; 9% female